In practice, instead of providing rights and obligations of the employees specifically in the labour contract, an employer may cross-refer to its existing “internal regulations” (quy chế) to impose such internal regulations on the employees. Unfortunately, there is no clear definition of the internal regulations as well as a legal basis for issuing the internal regulations by an employer under labour law. However, there are various provisions, which suggest that employer has rights to issue the internal regulations (such as bonus regulations, regulation on raising wage grade, recruitment, etc).
Article 5.2(b) of the Labour Code 2012 provides that employees have obligation to be subject to the lawful management by the employer. From the view of the employer, one may argue that the issuance of internal regulations is to manage the employees. Theoretically, a labour contract which cross-refers to the employer’s internal regulations will be valid if:
· The employees have agreed with the contents of such internal regulations before entering into the labour contracts; and
· The contents of such internal regulations comply with relevant laws.